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Command Summary

Returns true if value1 is equal to value2.

Command Syntax


Menu Location


  1. 2nd TEST to access the test menu.
  2. 1 to select =, or use arrows.

Calculator Compatibility


Token Size

1 byte

The = (equal) operator takes two numbers, variables, or expressions, and tests to see if they are equal to each other. It will return 1 if they are, and 0 if they are not. When determining the order of operations, = will be executed after the math operators, but it will be executed before the logical operators and in the order that it appears from left to right with the other relational operators.


:DelVar X3→Y

Advanced Uses

Just like the other relational operators, = can take real numbers and lists for variables. In order to compare the lists, however, both must have the same dimensions; if they don't, the calculator will throw a ERR:DIM MISMATCH error. When comparing a real number to a list, the calculator will actually compare the number against each element in the list and return a list of 1s and 0s accordingly.

           {0 0 0 0}
           {0 0 0 0 1}

Besides real numbers and lists, = also allows you compare strings, matrices, and complex numbers. However, the variables must be of the same type, otherwise the calculator will throw a ERR:DATA TYPE error; and just like with lists, both matrices must have the same dimensions, otherwise you will get a ERR:DIM MISMATCH error.

:(3+4i)=(5-2i)    (the parentheses are added for clarity)


When the only values that are possible for a variable are 1 and 0, you can get rid of the = sign and simply use the variable by itself.

:If X=1
can be
:If X

Error Conditions

  • ERR:DATA TYPE is thrown if you try to compare two different kinds of variables, such as a string and number or a list and matrix.
  • ERR:DIM MISMATCH is thrown if you try to compare two lists or matrices that have different dimensions.

Related Commands

  • (not equal)
  • > (greater than)
  • (greater than equal)
  • < (less than)
  • (less than equal)