TI-BASIC:Det
Command Summary
Calculates the determinant of a square matrix.
Command Syntax
det(matrix)
Menu Location
Press:
- MATRX (83) or 2nd MATRX (83+ or higher) to access the matrix menu
- LEFT to access the MATH submenu
- ENTER to select det(.
TI-83/84/+/SE
1 byte
The det( command calculates the determinant of a square matrix. If its argument is not a square matrix, ERR:INVALID DIM will be thrown.
Advanced Uses
If [A] is an N×N matrix, then the roots of det([A]-X identity(N)) are the eigenvalues of [A].
Formulas
For 2×2 matrices, the determinant is simply
For larger matrices, the determinant can be computed using the [wikipedia:Laplace_expansion Laplace expansion], which allows you to express the determinant of an n×n matrix in terms of the determinants of (n-1)×(n-1) matrices. However, since the Laplace expansion takes operations, the method usually used in calculators is Gaussian elimination, which only needs operations.
The matrix is first decomposed into a unit lower-triangular matrix and an upper-triangular matrix using elementary row operations:
The determinant is then calculated as the product of the diagonal elements of the upper-triangular matrix.
Error Conditions
- ERR:INVALID DIM is thrown when the matrix is not square.